On past June, 10th, 2020, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights launched the Inter-American System to Monitor Recommendations, also known as the Inter-American SIMORE. This new institutional initiative presents an online tool that systematically collects information on all recommendations made by the Inter-American Commission through its various mechanisms.
The inauguration of the Inter-American SIMORE through a webinar amidst the Global Coronavirus Pandemic could not be more symbolic and propitious. In the spirits of quarantines and social distancing, the Inter-American SIMORE channels electronically connected collaboration from diverse actors to take part at monitoring country and thematic reports and resolutions. For instance, through registration upon the system, civil society can provide up-to-date information on the progress of recommendations in the Resolution 2020/1, which covers multiple responsibilities related to the current pandemic.
In general, compliance with international decisions on human rights is anything but straight-forward. The Inter-American Human Rights System (IAHRS) is not an outlier to this pattern, as decisions are frequently deemed hard to comply. In the article “Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos e Judicialização Internacional da Política Doméstica”, we explained some of the theoretical and more practical causes of such difficulty, addressing them to the context of the Inter-American Court rulings more specifically. Major causes of state’s non-compliant behavior comprise entangled dynamics among domestic powers, economic costs of political change, politically sensitive content of decisions and level of specificity demanded by the Court. Accordingly, decisions aiming at profound social transformations – like those addressing recurrence of systematic human rights violations – represent the larger part of the compliance problem at the Inter-American System.
Much of the discussion on international human rights monitoring can be borrowed from the Court to the Commission in the Inter-American Human Rights System. However, while information on the compliance status has been made available for more than a decade in the Court; the opportunity to assess in greater detail States behavior at the Commission begins now with the Inter-American SIMORE.
Notwithstanding, the Commission’s move to greater transparency and accountability through the Inter-American SIMORE means more than paralleling the two Inter-American bodies or providing a full account throughout the whole Inter-American petition system.
The Inter-American SIMORE is distinguishable for setting a public platform that encourages participation of all the stakeholders at the Inter-American Human Rights System: states, civil society, national human rights institutions and more. Close dialogue with civil society is not newness to the Commission, but making it electronically accessible represents a step forward.
Constant public dialogue with multiple-stakeholders means greater access to information and upper chances of coordination towards political change. Likewise, it enhances the Inter-American Human Rights System’s readiness to perform preventively and simultaneously on human rights violations, and not ex post only, as other human rights systems.
In a broader sense, we can see monitoring recommendations and decisions, as well as the Court’s political sensitive rulings, as parts of an IAHRS’s much bolder approach. By taking measures such as these, the System demonstrates a willingness to influence the state’s domestic politics in order to fulfill its institutional aims. SIMORE is another welcoming institutional device to make states more accountable to its human rights duties.
The international judicialization of politics, and its consequences, are the subject of the article A Corte Interamericana De Direitos Humanos E a judicialização Internacional Da política doméstica” authored by Mikelli Ribeiro, Isabela Ramanzini and Alana Santos, published in Volume 21 (2020) of Meridiano 47, Journal of Global Studies .
Read the Article
Marzzini L. A. Ribeiro, Mikelli, Isabela Gerbelli Garbin Ramanzini, e Alana Soares Santos. 2020. “A Corte Interamericana De Direitos Humanos E a judicialização Internacional Da política doméstica”. Meridiano 47 – Journal of Global Studies 21 (julho). https://doi.org/10.20889/M47e21004.
About the Authors
Isabela Gerbelli Garbin Ramanzini – Federal University of Uberlândia – International Relations, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Isabela.email@example.com)
Mikelli Marzzini Lucas Alves Ribeiro – Federal University of Pernambuco – International Relations, Recife, Brazil (firstname.lastname@example.org).